Urology - Common Health Problems

Many people consider a urologist once they consider conditions like prostate cancer and incontinence, but urology actually covers a much wider array of conditions. Urologists treat all diseases of the urinary tract and the male reproductive system. Some of the very common conditions people turn to the urologist for are the following:


Urology covers treating urologic cancers and cancers in the male reproductive system, most commonly prostate cancer. Cancer present in the bladder, kidney, testicles or prostate are typical sometimes treated by way of a urologist, and will also be all fairly common. Prostate cancer, for example, is the most typical non-skin cancer in American males, and one in most 10 men may have the problem sooner or later in his life. Bladder cancer may be the ninth most typical kind of cancer among American women.

Male Sexual Dysfunction

Urology also covers treating male sexual dysfunction, which most commonly manifests as impotence (erectile dysfunction). Impotence occurs for a lot of reasons, including aging, damage to the nerves or muscles in the reproductive organs, or as a complication of another chronic disease. It has many different treatments, including those who help a person make an erection naturally and those who use devices to attain an artificial erection. Sometimes urologist are utilized to help couples deal with male infertility and attain a successful pregnancy.


Incontinence, or the shortcoming to keep urine in the bladder adequately, is quite common. Many women experience this problem after pregnancy and childbirth, because the muscles of the pelvic floor become stretched and damaged. It can also occur as a the main aging process, even without a pregnancy. Urologists have many different treatments available, including medications to manage bladder spasms, physical therapy to boost the tone of the pelvic floor muscles, and surgery to reconstruct a number of the support round the bladder. The target of this facet of urology is to replace a patient's dignity through improving his / her quality of life.

Pediatric Care

Pediatric urology often relates to birth defects affecting the urinary tract or the male reproductive organs. Common birth defects include an abnormally located urethral organ, distention of the kidney, ureteropelvic junction obstruction, and undescended testicles. Sometimes pediatric patients also need assistance from a urologist when fighting chronic urinary tract infections. Urologists also can help with chronic bedwetting problems. Children who need assistance from a urologist are generally referred to one by their pediatrician.

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